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This brief guide is an excerpt from the recording of S.G. Daitz, The Pronunciation and Reading of Ancient Greek, 2nd ed., Audio Forum, Madison, CT 06443. For further details, please consult the recording.

This text will be replaced by the flash music player.

If you cannot see accents, breathings, makra, or iota subscripts in the Greek texts, please install/activate the font Arial Unicode MS on your computer. See installation/display instructions for the PC and the Mac.

The Greek Alphabet and its Pronunciation (Attic, V cent.)

(Only the small, non-capital, forms of the letters are printed here. The symbol ˘ over a vowel indicates a vowel of short quantity, the symbol ¯ indicates a vowel of long quantity.)

 

Greek Letter

Name

International Phonetic Symbol

 Short α (ᾰ)

 alpha

 /a/

 Long α (ᾱ)

 alpha

 /a:/

 Short αι

 alpha iota

 /ai/

 Long αι (ᾱ̄ͅ)

 alpha iota subscript

 /a:i/

 αυ

 alpha upsilon

 /au/

 β

 beta

 /b/

 γ

 gamma

 /g/

 δ

 delta

 /d/

 ε

 epsilon

 /e/

 ει

 epsilon iota

 /e:/

 ευ

 epsilon upsilon

 /eu/

 ζ

 zeta

 /zd/

 η

 eta

 /ɛ:/

 ηι (ῃ)

 eta iota subscript

 /ɛ:i/

 ηυ

 eta upsilon

 /ɛ:u/

 θ

 theta

 /t'/

 ι (ῐ)

 iota

 /i/

 ι (ῑ)

 iota

 /i:/

 κ

 kappa

 /k/

 λ

 lambda

 /l/

 μ

 mu

 /m/

 ν

 nu

 /n/

 ξ

 ksi

 /ks/

 ο

 omikron

 /o/

 οι

 omikron iota

 /oi/

 ου

 omikron upsilon

 /u:/

 π

 pi

 /p/

 ρ

 rho

 /r/ (trilled)

 σ, ς

sigma

 /s/

 σ before β, or γ, or δ, or μ

 /z/

 τ

 tau

 /t/

 υ (ῠ)

 upsilon

 /y/

 υ (ῡ)

 upsilon

 /y:/

 υι

 upsilon iota

 /yj/

 Φ

 phi

 /p'/

 χ

 khi

 /k'/

 ψ

 psi

 /ps/

 ω

 omega

 /Ɔ:/

 ωι (ῳ)

 omega iota subscript

 /Ɔ:i/

Pronunciation practice of twenty words.

1.

 Messenger

 ἄγγελος

2.

 Brother

 ἀδελφός

3.

 Man

 ἄνθρωπος

4.

 Clear

 δη̂λος

5.

 Gift

 δω̂ρον

6.

 Collect

 ἀθροίζω

7.

 Foreigner

 βάρβαρος

8.

 From there

 ἐντευ̂̂θεν

9.

 Strong

  ἰσχῡρός

10.

 Village

 κώμη

11.

 Silence

 σῑγή

12.

 Protect

 φυλάττω

13.

 Athenian

 Ά̓θηναι̂̂ος

14.

 Conspire

 ἐπιβουλεύω

15.

 Soldier

 στρατιώτης

16.

 Grieve

 ἄχθομαι

17.

 Prevent

 κωλύ̅ω

18.

 Agree

̒ ο̒̒μολογω̂

19.

 Die

 ἀποθνῄσκω

20.

 Song

 ᾠ̓δή

 

Alkman 58
       read in the restored pronunciation of classical Greek
       by Stephen G. Daitz, City University of New York.
 
Arkhilokhos 67
       read in the restored pronunciation of classical Greek
       by Stephen G. Daitz, City University of New York.
 
Aristophanes,  Birds 227-262
       read in the restored pronunciation of classical Greek
       by Stephen G. Daitz, City University of New York.
 
Demosthenes, On the Crown 199-208
       read in the restored pronunciation of classical Greek
       by Stephen G. Daitz, City University of New York.
 
Euripides, Trojan Women 740-779
       read in the restored pronunciation of classical Greek
       by Stephen G. Daitz, City University of New York.
 
Homer, Iliad, Book 1, lines 1-52
       read in the restored pronunciation of classical Greek
       by Stephen G. Daitz, City University of New York.
 
Menander, Dyskolos, lines 711-747
       read in the restored pronunciation of classical Greek
       by Mark Miner, University of Georgia.
 
Pindar, Olympian 1.1-58
       read in the restored pronunciation of classical Greek
       by William Mullen, Bard College.
 
Sappho 1
       read in the restored pronunciation of classical Greek
       by Stephen G. Daitz, City University of New York.
 
Sophokles, Elektra 1126-1170
       read in the restored pronunciation of classical Greek
       by Rachel Kitzinger, Vassar College.
 

 


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